In general we all have different views concerning myths and legends. As reported Sarah Bartlett "according to one theory were the authors actually primitive scientists who have tried to explain how the world originated." But, why we should assume that the authors were automatically primitives? Ancient cultures were in many ways much more advanced than it may seem. In addition to monumental buildings whose purpose or method of construction is still not known, excelled these people also in medicine or astrology. We can therefore assume that the ancients have left us in myths and legends true informations, which might be over the ages through oral tradition little changed.
One of these myths and legends, which can be considered as a common theme of different cultures and peoples, is the Great Flood. Through the flood is humanity punished while was saved only a selected, few, morally pure individuals. Atrachsís, Utnapishtim, Deukalion or Noah. These and many others are representatives of heroes who built an ark and survived the Great Flood. Of course their stories differ depending on culture, region or religion and in type of vessel or rescued individuals. On the one hand, the different cultures can this myths and legends from each other download, but there is also the possibility, that once really was a worldwide flood, which refer to all nations. This flood would be so great that it can quenched islands, within which can be mention Atlantis. As stated by Plato „(...) in a single day and night of misfortune, the Island of Atlantis disappeared into the depths of the sea.“ But there are also other "mythical" countries such as Lemuria or Hyperborea.
Of course all of these stories might seem too fantastic, but on the bottom of oceans and seas are hidden more secrets that you should know. In different places, we can find the remains, which seem to have created by an ancient culture. One of such places is a massive underwater rock formation off the coast of Yonaguni, the southernmost of the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. In 1985 dived in this area Kihachiro Aratake to track the occurrence of hammerhead sharks. Kihachiro found something else. Under water were located megalithic structures, raised terrace, symmetrical channels with circular, two metres deep holes, wide staircase leading to the square and stone pillars. These buildings should, according to some researches, reach the age of 10 000 years or more. Professor Masaaki Kimura is one of the advocates of the theory that these structures are remains of prehistoric civilization. Of course we can find also critics. Specifically, professor Robert Schoch states, that this formation is „basic geology and classic stratigraphy for sandstones, which tend to break along planes and give very straight edges, particularly in an area with lots of faults and tectonic activity.“
Below the ocean surface are hidden also other, more or less mythological, places and entire cities. And although psychology see myths and legends as the expression of subconscious desires, manifestation of the collective unconscious or as the essence of religion; apparently, it is only a matter of time when we really understand the true depth of knowledge, which were left to us by our ancestors in myths and legends...