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20 outstanding facts about our planet

Papua New Guinea - Languages 

The country with the largest number of languages s Papua New Guinea. Although English is the official language, and is spoken by only 2% of the population. In this state of Oceania over 820 different languages re used, representing 12% of all the world's language.

Lying just south of the equator, 160km north of Australia, Papua New Guinea is part of a great arc of mountains stretching from Asia, through Indonesia and into the South Pacific. With a vibrant and colourful Papua New Guinea culture, more than 600 islands and 800 indigenous languages

Tokyo - Most populated city

The world's most populous city since 1965 is Tokyo metropolitan.

This modern and amazingly organized metropolitan city has a population of 37 million. Tōkyō (東京) is the capital of Japan. Tokyo is the core of the most populated urban area in the world, Greater Tokyo. This huge, wealthy and fascinating metropolis brings high-tech visions of the future side by side with glimpses of old Japan, and has something for everyone.

Vatican City - Least populous city

The city and least populated country in the world is the State of the Vatican City, or Holy See, with only 842 inhabitants. 

Vatican City State was founded following the signing of the Lateran Pacts between the Holy See and Italy on February 11th 1929. These were ratified on June 7th 1929. Its nature as a sovereign State distinct from the Holy See is universally recognized under international law...

Death Valley in California - Warmest place

The warmest place in the world, according to the World Meteorological Organization, is the national park Death Valley in California, USA, where the temperature in July 10, 1913 was recorded a temperature of 56.7 ° C. 

The Death Valley National Park is a United States National Park that is located primarily in the Southern California Desert, with a small portion extending into Nevada. Many potential visitors ignore the park due to the misconception that it is simply a lifeless, empty landscape, but this 3.4 million acre (14,000 km2) park is not only the largest national park in the contiguous 48 States of the USA (although Adirondack state park in NY is larger) but also arguably one of the most striking specimens of Mother Earth. Nearly every major geological era is elegantly exposed here in what sometimes appears to be one of her greatest tapestries, gloriously presenting her full spectrum.

Eastern Antarctic - Coldest place

According to scientists, East Antarctic Plateau is the coldest place on earth that has a record low temperature ranging between minus 92 and minus 94 degrees Celsius (minus 134 to minus 137 degrees Fahrenheit).

The place is located on the highest section of a 1,000km-long swath of a remote ice plateau in East Antarctica, scientists at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) revealed.

The temperature was recorded between 2003 and 2013 by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor on board Nasa's Aqua satellite and during the 2013 Southern Hemisphere winter by Nasa's and US Geological Survey's new satellite, Landsat 8.

The record low temperature breaks previous record of minus 89.2 degrees Celsius (minus 128.6 degrees Fahrenheit) measured in 1983 at the Vostok Research Station in East Antarctica.

Malta - Largest number of citizens outside its borders

The country with the largest number of citizens outside its borders is Malta. This is due to several waves of emigration caused by the economic crisis and the sharp increase in the birth rate. 

Malta is a group of seven islands in the Mediterranean Sea. Only the three largest islands - Malta, Gozo and Comino - are inhabited. The terrain is low and rocky with coastal cliffs.

Malta, in the heart of the Mediterranean, is a melting pot of civilizations with a history stretching back thousands of years.

Tokyo - Richest city

The richest city in the world is the capital of Japan, Tokyo, with a GDP of about 205,554,000 dollars. Great things come from small beginnings, or so the old adage goes. And it is the case for Tokyo, Japan. The city’s origins start from being a little fishing village and becoming the country’s seat of power when  Tokugawa Ieyasu ascended to power as Shogun and chose Edo as the location of his headquarters. Edo is the former name of Tokyo. The city suffered a turbulent past – an earthquake in 1923 almost levelled the city which was also the receiving end of extensive bomb runs during the Second World War. After Japan’s surrender in 1945, Tokyo went to rebuild and grew into the most progressive city in the world today. Tokyo’s leading industries are electronics, telecommunications and publishing.

Kinshasa - Poorest city

The world's poorest city is the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kinshasa, with a GDP of just $ 55,000. Its people trying to survive on less than a dollar a day. 

The African country generated up to 70% of its export revenue from minerals in the 1970s and 1980s, and was particularly hit when resource prices deteriorated at that time. By 2005, 90% of the DRC's revenues derived from its minerals (Exenberger and Hartmann 2007:10). The country's woes mean that, despite its potential, its citizens are among the poorest people on earth, the Congolese being consistently assigned the lowest, or near lowest, nominal GDP per capita in the world. The DRC is also one of the twenty lowest ranked countries on the Corruption Perception Index.

Desert in northern Chile - Driest place

The driest place in the world is the Atacama Desert in northern Chile. From October 1903 to January 1918 not one single drop of rain was registered in the area, setting the record for the longest period without rainfall in the world.

Northern Chile is home to the world’s most arid desert and its salt flats, hot springs and geysers as well as large deposits of copper and other minerals and mines in Chuquicamata, Calama and other parts of the altiplano. It also boasts fertile ravines and oases whose unique fruits make for excellent culinary tours and is inhabited by some of the country’s native peoples. Both Incan and Spanish influences can be seen in its villages and religious festivities, which attract visitors throughout the year.

Puerto Lopez - Wettest place

The wettest place on earth is the small Colombian fishing village, Puerto Lopez, who, according to the Colombian National Weather Service receives 12,892 mm of annual rainfall.

The precipitation data for Puerto Lopez began in April 1960 and continues to date although we do not have statistics for the site later than February 2012. However, looking at the data for the last official POR (period of record) 1981-2010 there is data for all but five of the 360 months (the missing months were Nov-Dec 1999, Nov 2003, and June-July 2004). Even without those months the average annual precipitation for the 30-year POR came to 12,897.6 mm (507.78”). This works out to an average monthly rainfall of 1,074.8 mm (42.31”). If we calculate that this may have been the amount of rainfall for those five missing months then the average annual rainfall for the 30-year POR (1981-2010) would be slightly higher at 13,076.8 mm (514.83”). For the 1971-2000 POR the average was drier with 12,189 mm (479.88”). However, these earlier POR’s had many more months missing than the latest 1981-2010 POR so the figures are more of an estimation using average monthly rainfall figures.

Singapore - Most expensive city

Replacing Tokyo, which topped the list in 2013. The most expensive city on the planet today is Singapore, leaving behind another Asian giant, Tokyo. For example, cars in Singapore are worth 4 or 6 times more than the same model cars in the USA and in the United Kingdom.

Singapore has topped 131 cities globally to become the world's most expensive city to live in 2014, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).

The city's strong currency combined with the high cost of running a car and soaring utility bills contributed to Singapore topping the list.

It is also the most expensive place in the world to buy clothes. 

Other cities making up the top five most expensive cities to live in are Paris, Oslo, Zurich and Sydney, with Tokyo falling to sixth place. 

Mumbai - Cheapest city

The world's cheapest and at the same time richest city in India is Mumbai. For example, bread in this city cost 91 cents compared to $ 3.36 in Singapore.

In a finding that may baffle many Indians, Mumbai has emerged as the world's cheapest city to live in, followed closely by New Delhi at third place.

According to the Economist Intelligence Unit's (EIU) 2014 'Worldwide Cost of Living' survey, Singapore, on the other end of the spectrum, is the world's most expensive city.

The reason for the Indian cities scoring high on the lower end is attributed to inequality between the richest and poorest in India's major cities which keeps wages and prices low, while spending is also stifled by government subsidies.

The 'Worldwide Cost of Living' is a twice-yearly EIU survey that compares more than 400 individual prices across 160 products and services.  These include food, drink, clothing, household supplies and personal care items, home rents, transport, utility bills, private schools, domestic help and recreational costs.

Damascus - Oldest city

The oldest city in the world is the Syrian capital, Damascus, with a history of over 11,000 years blending cultures and eras.

Founded in the 3rd millennium B.C., Damascus is the oldest city in the world. In the Middle Ages, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, specializing in swords and lace. The city has some 125 monuments from different periods of its history – one of the most spectacular is the 8th-century Great Mosque of the Umayyads, built on the site of an Assyrian sanctuary.

London - Most visited city

The most visited city in the world is London, which receives over 18 million tourists a year filling the coffers of the country with 19,000 million dollars annually.

London has overtaken Paris to become the most popular city with foreign tourists in the world, after a bumper 2013 saw it receive more visitors than ever before in its history.

San Pedro Sula - Most dangerous city

The most dangerous city in the world is San Pedro Sula, Honduras, recording at least three homicides a day. The murder rate here is 169.30 cases per 100,000 population, with a total population of 719,447 people.

Hundreds of murders sparked by gangs and drug cartels in San Pedro Sula, where the economy is weak and poverty is rampant

The city is followed by Acapulco, Mexico, and Caracas, Venezuela. In the last three years, Honduran prosecutors have received over 200 formal complaints about death squad-style killings

Police have long been accused of operating more like assassins than law enforcement officers in Honduras, but few cases have been investigated

Monaco - Highest life expectancy

The tiny tax haven of Monaco - with its notoriously wealthy inhabitants and compulsory state-funded health service - has the highest life expectancy at an average of 89.68 years, five years higher than anywhere else on earth, according to the CIA World Factbook. The country with the worst life expectancy is the African state of Chad at a shocking 48.69 years.

Life expectancy in America ranks 51st in the CIA's table at 78.49 years - lower than Canada (81.48), Australia (81.90), New Zealand (80.71), Japan (83.91), the UK (80.17) and much of Europe.

Sierra Leone - Shortest life expectancy

Sierra Leone, or the Republic of Sierra Leone (its official name), is a country located in West Africa. Its borders include Guinea (northeast), Liberia (southeast), and the Atlantic Ocean (southwest). It is a Constitutional Republic, has a directly elected president, and is a Unicameral Legislature. It is also further divided into four regions namely the Eastern Province, Northeastern Province, Southern Province, and Western Area. These regions are subdivided into 14 different districts. Freetown is the largest city here and it is also the capital. Sierra Leone has a life expectancy at birth of 41.24 years.

Canada - Most educated population

According to the Education at a Glance 2012 report issued by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Canada maintains its leadership as the world's most educated country. In fact, the percentage of our population with a tertiary education has risen from 40 per cent in 2000 to 51 per cent in 2012. In 2010, when the report was last issued, Canada was the only country with more than half its population having tertiary (post graduate and graduate) education. It remains as such.
"Canada has managed to become a world leader in education without being a leader in education spending, which totaled just 6.1 per cent of GDP in 2009, or less than the 6.3 per cent average for the OECD," said a summary that appeared in Wall St. 24/7. 

Nigeria - Most unstable country

The most unstable country in the world is Nigeria as their GDP, level of violence, unemployment and corruption.

Growing levels of conflict, terrorism, higher chance for social unrest to exacerbate economical instability, and the toppling of regimes in Nigeria, as well as political violence and instability both in the country's security and human rights aspects, are driving a rise in political instability in the country.

Norway - Most prosperous country 

The most prosperous country in the world is the scandinavian country Norway. The country leapt five places in the index's Entrepreneurship and Opportunity category, after it saw rapid development in internet bandwidth and per capita mobile phone ownership. But it saw a worsening performance in the safety and security category, dropping four places to sixth place.

Can you see objects left behind on the moon?

Can you see objects left behind on the moon?

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